Ashtanga Yoga Origin and principles
*Origin – India
*Founder --Sage Patanjali around 400BC
*Authentic Ashatanga yoga Sutras --196 sanskrit lines or sutras. As the printing technology was not available at that time, this text has been transferred through generations by oral recitations (Shruti).
*Meaning of Ashtanga - In Sanskrit "Ashta + anga" is Ashtanga. "Ashta" means Eight and "Anga" is limbs so it means Eight Limb path, ashtanga yoga is based on Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali.
Eight Limbs of Ashtanga Yoga - (English translation of sanskrit words)
* Ahimsa - A principle of non-violence
* Satya - A principle of Truthfulness
* Asteya - A principle of non stealing
* Brahmacharya - Continence / celibacy
* Aparigah - A principle of non-hoarding or non possessiveness
2.Niyama (Personal Disciplines)
* Shoucha - Purity
* Santosh - Contentment
* Tapa - Endurance
* Swadhyaya- Self study
* Eshwar Pranidhan- Dedication
3.Asana - (Yoga Postures / positions) A stable and comfortable posture which helps attain mental equilibrium.
4.Pranayama - (Yoga Breathing) Extension and control of breath.
5.Pratyahara - (Withdrawal of Senses) A mental preparation to increase the power of mind.
6.Dharana - (Concentration on Object) Concentration of mind on one object and its field.
7.Dhyan - (Meditation) With drawing mind from all external objects and Focusing it on one point and meditating on it.
8.Samadhi - (Salvation) State of Super bliss, joy and merging individual consciousness in to universal consciousness.